May 4, 2022 admin
Reusable Versus Disposable Medical Textiles:
Disposable and reusable textiles are two prominent yet competitive types of materials used in healthcare and other industries where biological and chemical dangers must be avoided. To decrease or prevent disease transmission, all healthcare professionals must wear or use protective fabrics such as gowns, facemasks gloves, and drapes, when working with patients. Despite the fact that disposable textiles are often thought to offer greater protection than reusable textiles, they must be discarded as biohazardous materials right away. Reusable protective textiles, on the other hand, maybe disinfected and laundered for reuse, with a lifespan of more than 50 cycles; however, they may be seen as less protective and time-consuming to maintain. Laundry reusable medical textiles on a regular basis may use more energy and produce more wastewater for the environment. Initially made of cotton, gowns and drapes evolved through time into more tightly woven textiles that were finally coated with fluid-repellent chemicals.
The US Army created very densely woven fabrics coated with fluorocarbon and pyridinium compounds during WWII. Hospitals swiftly adopted these applications after the war. Surgical gowns and drapes were exclusively made of reusable woven fabrics until the 1960s. By the 1970s, healthcare facilities started using new woven textiles with increased protective function and durability. Nonwoven textiles with improved physical and liquid-resistance qualities have been manufactured since the 1950s, and manufacturers have extensively promoted these textiles to the medical community. As an outcome, disposable nonwoven textiles have a substantial market share in the healthcare and other institutional sectors. This upward trend is expected to continue: in the following five years, the North American market is expected to grow by 7% annually. In the United States, disposable textiles have surpassed cotton for surgical gowns, chemical-protective apparel, and other institutional textiles, and they are increasing market dominance in emerging nations like China. Reusable textiles, on the other hand, are retaining market share in Europe, owing to growing worries over pollution produced by the disposal of discarded disposable textiles(4).
A vital barrier to pathogen penetration in the healthcare environment:
Surgical gowns, isolation gowns, surgical isolation gowns, non-surgical gowns, procedural gowns, and operating room gowns are a few of the many words that have been used to refer to gowns meant for use in health care settings. The American National Standards Institute/Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (ANSI/AAMI) consensus standard PB70:2003, titled “Liquid barrier performance and classification of protective apparel and drapes intended for use in health care facilities,” was recognised by the FDA in 2004. The standard introduces new terminology to describe the barrier protection levels of gowns and other protective apparel intended for use in healthcare facilities, as well as the test methods and performance results required to verify and validate that the gown meets the newly defined levels of protection(2).
•AAMI Level 1: Minimal risk, to be utilised during basic treatment, routine isolation, visitor cover gowns, or in a normal medical unit, for example.
•AAMI Level 2: Low-risk, to be utilised during blood draws, suturing, in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), or in a pathology lab, for example.
•AAMI Level 3: Moderate risk, for example, to be utilised during an arterial blood draw, the insertion of an intravenous (IV) line, in the Emergency Room, or in trauma cases.
•AAMI Level 4: High-risk, to be utilised during long, fluid-intensive operations, surgery, or when pathogen resistance is required when infectious diseases are expected, for example (non-airborne)
IMAEC MEDNTEK aims to protect the healthcare workers in all terms:
IMAEC MEDNTEK offers a range of disposable garments which comprises Coveralls, isolation gowns, surgical gowns, wraparounds, and sheets. Our Pro-Fab disposable garments are comprised of a light, soft, anti-static material that provides an excellent barrier against liquids, particles, and pathogens. Our speciality is delivering healthcare and hospital professionals with high-quality personal protective equipment. You can browse our whole selection of medical gowns, which come in a number of styles and fabrics, to find the perfect fit for your institution. Our medical gowns aim to keep wearers secure from infectious diseases, bloodborne pathogens, and potentially dangerous substances by reducing contamination. IMAEC MEDNTEK now also offers sterile surgical gloves and examination gloves made from natural latex for the safety of healthcare workers, and researchers.
- Contributor, N. T. (2019, June 24). Infection control 3: Use disposable gloves and aprons. Nursing Times. https://www.nursingtimes.net/clinical-archive/infection-control/infection-control-3-use-of-disposable-gloves-and-aprons-24-06-2019/
- Health, C. for D. and R. (2021). Medical Gowns. FDA. https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/personal-protective-equipment-infection-control/medical-gowns
- Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Infection Control—Minnesota Dept. Of Health. (n.d.). Retrieved May 4, 2022, from https://www.health.state.mn.us/facilities/patientsafety/infectioncontrol/ppe/index.html
- Sun, G. (2011). Disposable and reusable medical textiles. Textiles for Hygiene and Infection Control, 125–135. https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857093707.2.125